Written By Admin
Tuesday, April 5, 2016
Most cases of heart attack are caused by a blood clot forming in one of the blood vessels responsible for supplying blood to the heart.
The resulting blockage deprives the heart of oxygen-rich blood, causing damage to the heart muscle, which progressively dies.
Severe chest pain (like squeezing, or a heaviness, or pressing) at the central or left part of the chest, lasting usually for at least 20 min. The pain may also radiate to the left upper arm, neck or jaw.
Profuse sweating and a feeling of impending doom.
Most heart attacks begin with subtle symptoms — with only discomfort that often is not described as pain. The chest discomfort may come and go.
Don’t be tempted to downplay your symptoms or brush them off as indigestion or anxiety.
Heart attack can happen suddenly and unexpectedly and if you have previously suffered one or have a predisposition, this information can be life-saving.
Statistics show that in 80% of deaths from heart attacks, the individual was alone.
One thing applies to everyone, though: If you suspect you’re having a heart attack, call for emergency medical help immediately, and while help is on the way practice this method in order to stay conscious and prevent a serious condition.
What to do when a heart attack occurs?
Even if you don’t have a history of this condition in the family, it’s still good to know what to do in this situation. It can help you or someone close to you and it can save a life.
1. “Stop whatever you’re doing, proceed to a safe place to rest and call for medical help.
If you’re driving, first pull to the side of the road and call for aid “- advises Dr Chin, Senior Consultant, Department of Cardiology, National Heart Centre Singapore (NHCS).
2. Large studies have shown that taking an aspirin during a heart attack improves survival.
Aspirin prevents the clot from getting bigger, giving the body a chance to break down the blood clot.
If you have aspirin at home, and you know that you are not allergic to it, then you could consider taking it while waiting for the emergency medical services to arrive.